The match each of the following characteristics to the part of the lipid bilayer having that property. surrounding all cells has two main functions: to regulate the flow of substances in and out of the cell and to protect the organelles inside the cell. A cell’s membrane is also responsible for regulating the flow of carbon dioxide and other gasses into and out of the cell. These gasses are essential for the cell’s metabolism and help regulate the amount of energy produced by the cell.
Cell membranes are composed of different materials that allow the cells to transport materials inside and outside. Water, for example, is able to pass freely through the membrane, but other substances are unable to pass through it. This phenomenon is called osmosis. Water can easily diffuse across a semipermeable membrane, whereas other molecules, like ions, are unable to cross it.
Cell membranes are very thin, and they separate materials inside and outside the cell. They also anchor the cytoskeleton, giving the cell structure. The cell membrane can also attach to other cells to form tissues. Cells also contain cell walls, which provide mechanical support and act as channels for materials to enter and exit the cell.
The cell membrane contains a bilayer of phospholipids and proteins. This bilayer membrane is composed of two sheets of lipid molecules. The phosphate end is hydrophilic and the lipid end is hydrophobic. The other half of the membrane is comprised of proteins and cytoskeletal elements.